Underground Music Photography

Underground Music Photography

Going Underground: Why and How to Photograph Your Underground Scene

Are you part of a small but vibrant scene? Is there a local bar putting on small acts every night? Bring your camera, for you and for them.

Why would I want to do that?

  • It’s great practice for your photography

In many ways, underground photography – usually in small, darker venues like bars, clubs and basements – is harder than photographing arenas. There’ll be more on that later, but once you’ve mastered working in poorer light and cramped space, large, dedicated venues with their lighting technicians and photography pits will seem like luxuries rather than overwhelming challenges.

It allows you to build a portfolio that you can display to get into larger venues. The bands you photograph may not be internationally renowned, but that doesn’t matter anywhere near as much as the quality of your photographs.

You may also have more freedom. The dreaded 3-song limit is much less prevalent in smaller venues, giving you the flexibility to experiment without pressure on your back. Depending on the venue, you may be within touching distance of the band at the front of the crowd, and talking to and photographing the bands afterwards is much easier without management to get through.

  • Network!

Take advantage of the openness and looser hierarchies typically found in underground scenes. Think the scene is too small to lead to lucrative opportunities? Even if that’s true of what you’re there to see, people attending or hosting may have connections to the bigger industry, so talk to them. Venues that cater to niche and experimental scenes often also host larger bands, and may employ a venue photographer for such events.

  • Give back to the scene

Art is constantly evolving, individual performances temporary, and often underdocumented. All of this is especially true of underground music. While there are going to be people there with cameras, few make that an art form like you do. Your photography, then, forms a significant and vital record of the scene’s existence – a worthwhile record for those involved to see. A fantastic example is John Yingling’s “The World Underground”, a series of full-length films of the flourishing yet relatively unknown Chinese underground rock scene.

Underground Music Photography

How should I go about it?

  • Turn up with a camera …

Make yourself known first by contacting the bands, venue or bar-staff, and check for a venue policy, but a general rule of thumb is that the smaller the venue, the fewer restrictions there will be on bringing gear along. You are unlikely to need any accreditation, either.

  • … and shoot

Working in smaller, lower-end venues has its challenges and opportunities, where accommodating to the needs of photographers can be taken for granted, so in some ways is fundamentally different to working in a festival or arena.

Lighting is probably the biggest difference. Brightly-lit, well-choreographed stages require lighting directors. Small venues often make do with automated lighting or disco balls, which are enough for the situation but nothing like the real thing, and are often in awful colors or blown-out reds, thus leaving you with post-processing challenges. The amount of light might not be enough either, meaning you will have to innovate more to get well-exposed photographs. Silhouettes, blurring the action with a slow shutter speed and using flash are just a few techniques you can use, although you should check with all concerned before using flash.

Without a photography pit, your perspective is identical to the fans’, and while this brings challenges, in some ways it allows for a much greater variety of shots, as some of the largest venues have recently become overly restrictive of photographers, only allowing them in a designated region far behind the fans. Arrive early to ensure a front row position that, depending on the venue, could be touching distance from the band members, making close-ups much easier, even of the drummer. The difficulty comes when you want to move, as you could end up stuck in the same position the entire time. This again challenges you to get creative, ducking and diving to get the shots you need. Fellow attendees may be accommodating and let you move to the other side, of course. One key tip is to start off-center, as you don’t want the microphone covering the singer’s face the entire concert.

In cramped conditions, how much equipment you bring and its value is a significant concern. This is equally true of narrow photography pits, of course, and crowd-surfers falling onto pit photographers is an occupational hazard, but when you are part of the crowd, you may not have space for two camera bodies, or want to risk getting beer on $5000 of gear.

Speaking of money, will I get paid?

This is a tricky one, and relates to “why” earlier: chances are, people involved in the underground music you are photographing are not making much money, certainly not enough to live on, and thus you cannot reasonably expect to be an exception. However, you may want to set some ground rules regarding payment, because your time does have value. Will you accept, or expect: payment (as a percentage of the door, or a lump sum), free entry or your name on the guest list, a beer from one of the bands, gratitude, or that much-maligned word “exposure”? Consider your priorities, and make your judgments.

Underground music photography, if you embrace the challenges and opportunities, will make you a stronger photographer, primed for taking on the world’s largest venues knowing you’ve succeeded against greater odds before. You’ll build up contacts within your scene and the broader live concert photography world, while making a valuable contribution in return.

Let me know your experiences with shooting underground shows in the comments below.

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  • Chris Patmore

    With regards to the lighting, it is possible to talk with the person on the desk. They are usually the sound engineer who’s been put in charge of the lights and doesn’t know or care what it looks like, only what it sounds like. Another good reason to get to the venue early.
    Another good thing about the underground scene is that all bands (except manufactured boy bands) come from there before they hit the big time. If you have a good ear for music, and find a band that could make it big, shoot them as often as you can, and get on friendly terms with them. Even if they don’t hire you, you will have a solid batch of before-they-were-famous photos, which will be more valuable than later arena photos shot by 50 other photographers. All those iconic photos of the London punk scene came from before the bands became famous.

  • Shooting local shows (with crappy lighting) is one of the most challenging things I’ve ever done, but it’s also been the most rewarding. If you can master those conditions, and get to know your camera like the back of your hand, well…..the sky’s the limit– there’s nothing you shouldn’t be able to do in the realm of photography.

    The hard part is, you’re gonna need top-shelf (i.e. expensive) equipment to make it work, and there’s usually very little expectation of being monetarily compensated. But the other hand, as you pointed out, there are lots of other potential benefits that could prove MUCH more valuable in the long run. So in my opinion, it’s definitely worthwhile to get out into your local community and shoot as often as possible. You never know….that unknown artist you shot last week might be an A-lister the next.

    • Thanks for sharing your story! I totally agree, you’ll never know which band will skyrocket in the future.

  • Martin Houle

    A couple weeks ago i shoot a MetalFest near Montréal (Quebec, Canada), it’s a good challenging.I had the time to discuss with the sound and light engineer, he give me the way of the lighting situation for each bands. My results are good.It was the first time I covered an event with so many bands (twelve band in two days). Next time my shoot are going to be better.If you want take a look.

    • Hi Martin, thanks for your comment. Great that you got in contact with the sound and light engineer. This can make a huge different for your photos. Cool captures and 12 bands are a lot to shoot 😉